Top 9 super heavy launch rockets in the world, buy lego rocket MOC, lego NASA rocket MOC, lego store

Super Heavy Launch rockets(SHLLV) refers to a launch rockets with a payload capacity of 50 tons or more in low-Earth orbit. The super-heavy launch rockets is currently the largest, heaviest and most technically demanding launch rockets among launch rockets. At present, the only countries that can successfully manufacture super-heavy launch rockets are China, the United States and Russia, the three superpowers.

Next, let us take a look at the world’s top 9 super-heavy launch rockets!

Note: This ranking is based on LEO (Low Earth Orbit Payload) as the benchmark.

No. 9: Blue Origin New Glenn – United States (LEO 45 tons)

Blue Origin is a private space company located in Kent, Washington, USA. It was founded by Amazon founder Jeffrey Bezos in 2000 and entered the orbital aerospace technology business in 2014. It was initially provided to other companies through contract agreements. rocket engine.

In 2015, Blue Origin announced plans to build and fly its own orbital launch rockets, the New Glenn, from Florida. The 82-meter-tall rocket will be capable of lifting 45 tons of payload to low-Earth orbit. Designed to be reused up to 100 times, the rocket’s return looks similar to the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

At present, New Glenn has ushered in its first customer-Eutelsat has signed a contract with Blue Origin to launch geostationary satellites.

No. 8: SpaceX Falcon Heavy Launch rockets – United States (LEO 63.8 tons)

The Falcon Heavy launch rockets is a reusable super-heavy launch rockets developed and manufactured by SpaceX, and it is a derivative of the Falcon 9 launch rockets. The Falcon Heavy launch rockets is 70 meters high, 3.66 meters in diameter, and has a mass of 1,420 tons. Its low-Earth orbit load has reached 63.8 tons, while its predecessor Falcon 9 has a low-Earth orbit load of only 22.8 tons.

The Falcon Heavy was designed from the ground up to be manned and has the potential to launch manned missions to the moon or Mars, as well as the heavy excavators needed for asteroid mining.

On February 6, 2018, the first flight of the Falcon Heavy launch rockets was successful. The payload carried in the first launch was the Tesla Roadster sports car of the company’s CEO Elon Musk.

7th place: N1-L3 launch rockets – Soviet Union (LEO 95 tons)

In order to compete with the American Apollo program, the Soviet Union spent a huge sum of 3 billion rubles to develop the N1-L3 super-heavy launch rockets, and planned to send people to the moon with a lunar orbit rendezvous method similar to the Apollo program. N1-L3 is 105 meters high, 17 meters in diameter, weighs 2,735 tons, and has a load capacity of 95 tons in low-Earth orbit.

The development of N1-L3 can be said to have twists and turns. Due to insufficient funds and a short schedule, the development began in October 1965, nearly 4 years later than the Saturn V. In 1966, the chief designer Sergei Korolev died, and the N1-L3 project was seriously derailed. Four attempts to launch N1 all ended in failure. The second of these attempts resulted in the rockets crashing back to the launch pad shortly after liftoff and caused the largest man-made non-nuclear explosion in human history.

The N1 program was suspended in 1974 and officially canceled in 1976. All details of the Soviet Union’s manned moon landing program were kept secret until 1989, when the Soviet Union was on the verge of disintegration.

No. 6: Energy Launch rockets – Soviet Union (LEO 100 tons)

The Energia carrier rocket is a super-heavy carrier rocket developed by the Soviet Union. It was designed by the former Soviet Energy Research and Production Association. It began to be developed in 1976. The development cost was as high as 14 billion rubles, and it was launched for the first time in 1987. Energia is 60 meters high, has a mass of 2,400 tons, and has a payload of 100 tons in low-Earth orbit.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Bulan space shuttle program, production of the Energia rocket ended. In August 2016, Russia announced plans to use existing Energia components to develop a new super-heavy launch rockets as a universal launch rockets. Energia still holds the world record for take-off thrust (more than Saturn 5 in the United States), and the US Department of Defense code-named this rocket “SL-17”.

No. 5: Yenisei Super Heavy Launch rockets – Russia (LEO 130 tons)

The Yenisei super-heavy launch rockets is the first super-heavy launch rockets that Russia is developing after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. The main developer is the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Aerospace Corporation. It was developed within the framework of the Russian Federation’s target program “Creation of a super-heavy-class space rocket complex for 2020-2030”, the planned cost of which is estimated at 1.5 trillion rubles. It is the main rocket of Russia’s moon landing program, and its designed low-Earth orbit load capacity reaches 130 tons.

The final design of the Yenisei super-heavy launch rockets is expected to be completed in autumn 2021. Flight tests will be carried out in two phases from 2028 to 2035.

The first phase of testing will be carried out in 2028-2032. It is planned to establish a lunar orbital space station in lunar orbit and land on the lunar surface. The second phase of testing will take place in 2032-2035, with plans to establish a base on the lunar surface.

4th place: SLS rocket – USA (LEO 130 tons)

The SLS rocket (Space Launch System) is a carrier rocket evolved from the space shuttle, designed by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), mainly to replace the canceled constellation program and replace the decommissioned space shuttle. Overall, the SLS rocket is very similar to the Saturn V.

The SLS rocket has a maximum payload of 130 tons in low-Earth orbit. In the first stage, the manned mission of the Constellation Plan with a load capacity of 70 tons will be the main one, which will generate a thrust of 3,810 tons during launch; then a cargo compartment load mission with a load capacity of 130 tons will be developed, with a launch thrust of about 4,173 tons, height and total weight. Will be 117 meters and 2948 tons respectively.

The SLS rocket is expected to cost 18 billion U.S. dollars to develop, of which 10 billion U.S. dollars are used for the space launch system itself, 2 billion U.S. dollars are used to renovate the launch pad and the Kennedy Space Center, and 6 billion U.S. dollars are used for the development of the Orion manned capsule.

The SLS rocket is expected to launch the manned version in 2021 and the cargo version in 2024, and plans to perform a total of 12 launch missions from 2021 to 2032.

No. 3: Long March 9 Launch rockets – China (LEO 140 tons)

The Long March 9 is part of a long-term plan to send Chinese astronauts to the moon and boost deep space exploration. It plans to conduct a test launch around 2030, with a design load of 140 tons in low-Earth orbit. The Long March 9 will be 93 meters long, use a core with a diameter of 10 meters, and have a mass of 4,140 metric tons at liftoff. It will have four side thrusters with a diameter of 5 meters, comparable to the first stage of the Long March 5.

The Long March 9 did not explicitly state that it could be reused. However, a “Space Transportation Roadmap” proposed by China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation since 2017 has proposed the goal of making all of China’s launch rockets reusable by around 2035.

2nd place: Saturn V – USA (LEO 140 tons)

The Saturn 5 is a launch rockets used by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) in the two space programs of the Apollo program and the Skylab. It is a multi-stage throwable liquid fuel rocket that can carry people.

Since its first flight in 1967, the Saturn 5 still maintains the world record for the rocket with the largest carrying capacity, with a load capacity of 140 tons in low-Earth orbit. It is also one of the three rocket models actually used in the Saturn launch rockets series. Although NASA has envisioned even larger rockets (such as the Nova rocket), the Saturn V is the largest rocket in history, reaching a height of 110.6 meters, and it is the tallest and heaviest launch rockets ever used.

Between 1967 and 1973, NASA launched a total of 13 Saturn V rockets from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, all of which were successful. The last Saturn V launch sent Skylab’s space station into space.

1st place: SpaceX Starship – USA (LEO 150 tons)

Starship is a next-generation super-heavy launch rockets launched by SpaceX. It began development in 2012 and will replace the Falcon Heavy launch rockets to perform Earth orbit missions. In addition to Earth orbit, after the starship is refueled in orbit, it can also complete the mission of earth-moon transfer and landing on Mars. The starship is 122 meters high, 9 meters in diameter, weighs 5,000 tons, and has a payload of 150 tons in low-Earth orbit.

On December 9, 2020, Starship’s prototype SN8 made its first high-altitude test flight, using high pituitary flaps to perform a successful parachute-like descent, followed by a diversion burn and propulsion landing in the concrete landing area. The rockets exploded on the landing pad due to lower-than-expected pressure in the methane header. Nonetheless, the test flight successfully accomplished many of the test objectives and is a major milestone for the Starship program.

SpaceX also said its initial expectation was to launch a cargo spacecraft to Mars in 2022, followed by a crewed program in 2024.

MOC-75987 Hubble Space Telescope 1:25

MOC-75987 Hubble Space Telescope 1:25 Scale

MOC-28893 NASA Space Launch System Artemis SLS Block 1 (1:110 Saturn V scale)

MOC-28893 NASA Space Launch System Artemis SLS Block 1 (1:110 Saturn V scale)

MOC-55765 Falcon Heavy [Saturn V scale]

MOC-55765 Falcon Heavy [Saturn V scale]

MOC-46228 Space Shuttle (1:110 Scale)

MOC-46228 Space Shuttle (1:110 Scale)

MOC-101254 Delta IV Heavy with Parker Solar Probe [Saturn V scale]

MOC-101254 Delta IV Heavy with Parker Solar Probe [Saturn V scale]

MOC-65668 JWST James Webb Space Telescope 1:110 Scale

MOC-65668 JWST James Webb Space Telescope 1:110 Scale

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